3D Printer

3D Printer

3D Printer
3D Printer - technology that will bring the second Industrial Revolution
The most popular science fiction series in television history, Star Trek has influenced generations of scientists, stimulating their imaginations and nurture their passion. Many of the technologies presented in time on the show have become available in recent years, and now scientists are preparing to turn into reality the most spectacular of them: the replicator, the instrument by which the crew of the Enterprise create all items that needed, including food. Today, the world knows technology accelerated development of devices that appear to be precursors fantastic Replicator: 3D printers.
What is 3D printing?
3D Printing is a process used for decades in the industry, which bears the name "rapid prototyping". This technology appeared in the 80s, being originally used by companies with massive budgets, such as those in aerospace, or the Formula 1 teams.
It works in a manner similar to conventional printers, ink instead of using different materials (plastic to the silver or titanium) which the "Print" in the layers, thus building an object.
3D printers allow designers to produce in a very short time a prototype. Thus, it can be tested and remodeled rapidly being significantly reduced the time required to move from the prototype stage to the finished product.
For example, car manufacturers F1 could create using rapid prototyping machines extremely precise component shapes and spoilers. Production of these complex pieces by classical methods could take several weeks, but 3D printers use reduced this period to just 48 hours. The time gained allowed manufacturers to test multiple versions of components and reach the final version more quickly.

Another advantage of using 3D printers is their ability to produce the forms can not be created using mass production techniques. This allows companies to seek biomimetism copying forms in nature to achieve more efficient products with lower costs. One such example comes from MIT, where researchers led by Neri Oxman used a 3D printer to achieve the easiest and also the most resistant concrete pillar. Starting from the fact that a plant stem is formed of vertical filaments of different densities Oxman a 3D printer used to print a concrete structure made up of filaments of different densities.
Today, technology is present in most research laboratories owned by the companies that produce gadgets, be it about shaving, about the most sophisticated smartphone or even complex aircraft components. 3D printers can produce including large objects: in 2011, became the first car Urbee whose whole exterior components were created using a 3D printer.